Most frequent questions and answers

What's the Weather like near the North Pole ?​

The warmest month of the year is July, with an average temperature of 61 °F. January is the coldest month, with temperatures averaging -12 °F.

At times the expedition encountered (factoring in the wind chill) -30 °F. Numerous whiteouts and winds of over 40 MPH. Those that are also wondering about the sea depth of the North Pole, it is just over 4,000 feet

How and what did the sled dogs feed on ?​

Sled dogs can burn up to 10,000 calories a day when mushing. 

Thus a specialty kibble with raw meat, lard and fat is the diet of choice.

Of course hydration is very important. If not hydrated properly dogs will start licking the sea ice which is not healthy for them. 

What type of terrain obstacles was encountered ?

A misconception is that a trek to the North Pole is on smooth terrain. There were many obstacles resulting from pressure ridges, rubble ice and leads.

Rubble Ice: A very rough area to ski, sled and even walk on.

Pressure Ridges: Encountered many times. Depending upon how high (largest seen were 40′ tall) you either detour and find another route. Or find a crevice that allows the team to navigate through or climb over them.

Leads: A large fracture within an expanse of sea ice. The shear zones encountered were challenging because of the leads. One was so wide that the team had to travel West to find a northerly route.

What did you eat ?

A diet to attain a daily energy value of around 5500 calories is the goal.

The food has to be light weight (not to drag down the sleds). Thus simple, at times plain high calorie food stuffs are the normal.

Lots of snacks of nuts, meat jerky, chicken and rice, water-less pita (flat) bread, with a lot of butter, sugar and a bit of cinnamon.

Hydration is also important. It’s very easy to get dehydrated by not drinking enough fresh water throughout the day.

How did you obtain​ water ?

Unknown to most that the majority of the ice on the trek to the North Pole is not fresh water ice, but it is sea ice (frozen sea water).

Obtaining fresh water is a bit of a challenge at times. Mostly gathered by removing the top layer of snow. Then melting the snow to obtain fresh water.

For a region that’s covered in ice there can be a shortage of fresh drinking water. 

What's the difference between rubble ice & pressure ridges ?

Pressure ridges are composed of ice fragments that are piled up along a line, with the steep-sloped ridge rising up as much as 40 feet or more above the adjacent stretches of level ice. 

Rubble ice, by comparison, is a jumble of ice fragments or small pieces of ice  that covers a larger expanse of area without any particular order to it. The height of surface features in rubble ice is often lower than in ridges.

What is a Water Sky ?

Water Sky forms in regions with large areas of ice and low-lying clouds and so is limited mostly to the extreme northern and southern sections of earth. When light hits the blue oceans or seas, some of it bounces back and enables the observer to physically see the water. However, some of the light also is reflected back up on to the bottoms of low-lying clouds and causes a dark spot to appear underneath some clouds.

What are Artic Shear Zones ?

A Shear Zone is created when linear cracks form when ice flows diverge or shear off.

It creates a very dangerous area for ice trekking. Since the number of leads can cause wide expanses of Arctic Ocean. 

When encountered, your choices are to turn back, navigate over by building an ice bridge or cut a chuck of ice large enough to float to the other side.

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